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Saturday, December 27, 2014

Analytical function: ROW_NUMBER () with Qualify in Teradata

This post will help to understand QUALIFY  ROW_NUMBER OVER (PARTITION BY ...) phrase with simple example.

We take an example like below:

INDUST_CODE
INDUSTRY_NAME
ACTIVATE_DATE
1011
GOOGLE
13-12-2009
1013
YOUTUBE
01-09-2008
1011
GOOGLE
15-12-2009
1012
MICROSOFT
14-10-1999
1011
GOOGLE
11-12-2009

The data listed above have more than one row with Industry named ‘Google’.  Business needs the industry name without duplication, they don’t want one industry name more than once. They like to see the data like below:

INDUST_CODE
 INDUSTRY_NAME

1011
GOOGLE

1012
MICROSOFT

1013
YOUTUBE


How do you do that?
You are expert in SQL, so wrote the script like below which works fine:
select INDUST_CODE,INDUSTRY_NAME
from INDUSTRY
QUALIFY
row_number() Over (partition by INDUST_CODE order by ACTIVATE_DATE desc)=1

If you want to know how the code worked? Then please find the explanation step by step:
1) Group by (Partition by)with Industry Code (INDUST_CODE)
2) Order by with ACTIVATE_DATE which means latest date will be used to find the first row
3) Then uses ‘QUALIFY’ to select the row.

Lets explain the syntax :





















Make the translation easy:
qualify row_number() over (Partition and order by brace) = 1
    which means,
    Selecting first row from the result set after applying group by and order by function. 



Thursday, December 4, 2014

Extra Attention while using Multiple Tables in Update Statement (UPDATE From SELECT Statement/Using JOIN in UPDATE Statement)

While updating data in a table you may discover error with “Error: 3993 Illegal usage of alias name” , it will be really difficult to find out at first glance what went wrong?
As you wrote the code, at least you did not expect to have alias error. You are almost sure that you did not do any mistake like alias problem.

Let’s have a look at the piece of code:

Update ACCOUNTS AS ACC
FROM
(SELECT
 UPD_ACC.ACC_NO
,UPD_ACC.DEB_AMT
FROM CUSTOMER AS CUST
JOIN
TRANSACTIONS AS TRN ON
 CUST. City_ID =TRN.City_ID
AND CUST.Customer_ID=TRN.Customer_ID
Where TRN.CTY='NY') AS UPD_ACC
SET ACC.ACC_NO= UPD_ACC.ACC_NO
     ,ACC.DEB_AMT= UPD_ACC.DEB_AMT
Where
ACC.Customer_ID= UPD_ACC.Customer_ID
And ACC. City_ID =UPD_ACC.City_ID

After you run the code, you can’t expect to have alias error because you have used alias correctly in the code.
However, the main reason of the error is; you are not allow to use alias left side of the SET syntax like you did at above:  Set ACC.ACC_NO= UPD_ACC.ACC_NO

So correct syntax will be: Set ACC_NO= UPD_ACC.ACC_NO

As well as, at where clause you need to use the table name not the alias(the table you are updating).
e.g. 

Where  
        ACCOUNTS.Customer_ID= UPD_ACC.Customer_ID --NOT ACC.Customer_ID
And ACCOUNTS. City_ID =UPD_ACC.City_ID

Now we can fix the code and rewrite again like below which will work without error:

Update ACCOUNTS 
FROM 
(SELECT
 UPD_ACC.ACC_NO
,UPD_ACC.DEB_AMT
FROM CUSTOMER AS CUST
JOIN 
TRANSACTIONS AS TRN ON
CUST. City_ID =TRN.City_ID
AND CUST.Customer_ID=TRN.Customer_ID
Where TRN.CTY='NY') as UPD_ACC
SETACC_NO= UPD_ACC.ACC_NO
     ,DEB_AMT= UPD_ACC.DEB_AMT
Where  
         ACCOUNTS.Customer_ID= UPD_ACC.Customer_ID
AND ACCOUNTS. City_ID =UPD_ACC.City_ID